As an example of the earnest appeals which were repeatedly made by
Confederate emissaries to the various Indian tribes to maintain the
allegiance with the South the following address is quoted, copies of
which were sent by special messengers to all the tribes mentioned. The
author of the address, Mr. S. S. Scott, was appointed by Jefferson Davis
as a special commissioner to the Indian tribes:
|"Confederate States of America,
"War Department, Bureau of Indian Affairs,
"Richmond, Va., December 26, 1862.
"To the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Creek, Seminole,
and All Other Indian Nations and Tribes Friendly to the
I have just returned to Richmond, the capital of the
Confederate states, from your beautiful country. To visit
you I have traveled over six hundred miles in the last four
months. The president of the Confederate states, one who
loves you well, commanded me to make this journey, to see
you at your homes, to converse with you face to face, in
order that the Government might be placed in possession of
certain and reliable information in regard to your wants and
necessities, and the condition of your country.
"During my stay in the Indian Territory, where I was
treated by you with every kindness and courtesy, I had
repeated talks with many of you. The facts obtained from you
in those interviews have been treasured up in my memory, and
shall be fully communicated to the Government. In the
meantime, however, I desire to say a few additional words to
you, and I trust you will give to them due consideration.
"In the early part of the year 1861 Gen. Albert Pike,
of Arkansas, was sent as a commissioner to your country to
explain to you the facts in relation to the organization of
the Confederate government, and to request you to extend to
it the hand of peace and friendship. In pursuance of the
authority with which he was invested, before the close of
the year he concluded treaties with all of you. These
treaties have since been properly ratified, and you thereby
became the allies of the Confederate states.
"The Government, in making these treaties with you,
consulted your welfare and happiness as well as its own. By
reference to them it will be perceived that every provision
is marked by justice and liberality. Many rights and
privileges are thereby extended to you which were
persistently denied you under the ,old government. In short,
by the terms of these treaties you are made to occupy a high
and exalted position-one adapted to your civilization and
advancement, and suited to your pride and independence of
"You are allowed delegates in Congress whose exclusive
duty consists in watching over and guarding your interests.
"The establishment of courts in your midst is provided
for, so that you are not compelled to go for justice to the
tribunals of neighboring states, but can have it
administered to you at home.
"The payments of all moneys, whether due to you from
the old government, or any of the states which composed it,
is secured to you.
"The peaceful and uninterrupted possession and enjoyment of
your country forever is guaranteed to you, and the power of
the Confederate government is pledged to assist you in
defending it at all times and against all enemies.
"From the character of these treaties it seems that the
bond of friendship thus formed between the Confederate
states and yourselves ought to endure forever, and such it
is confidently believed will be the fact; for, in addition
to the reasons already enumerated, there yet remain other
and most potent ones why it should be so.
"The people of the Confederate states are emphatically your
friends and brothers. You are, in every sense of the word,
southern. The South was the home of your fathers. It was
within the shadow of her deep forests and by the side of her
sparkling streams that they sported in their infancy and
hunted deer and bear in their manhood, and it is in the
bosom of her green valleys that their bones now lie buried.
The territory which you now occupy, and which has been set
apart for you and your children forever, is southern
territory. Your language is southern; your habits, your
manners, your customs are southern ; and your interests are
"I have said your interests are all southern. Herein,
the war, which is being waged upon the confederates by the
northern states, directly affects you-affects you to the
same extent that it does them. It is for your degradation
and abasement, for the destruction of your property, for the
overthrow of your institutions, as well as theirs. Slavery
with you is as obnoxious to the fanaticism of the North as
it is in the Confederate states, and could that government
subjugate them and deprive them of their slaves, it would
not be long in taking yours from you also. But this is not
all. After having dispossessed you of your slaves, it would
fasten upon your rich and fertile lands and distribute them
among its surplus and poverty-stricken population who have
been looking toward them with longing hearts for years.
"A word now in regard to the fortunes of the war.
Within the last two years many battles have been fought.
Some of these were on a scale of the greatest magnitude. In
all of them, away from water-courses, the Confederate
troops, although greatly outnumbered, have uniformly proven
victorious. Only a few days ago the Grand Army of the North
was defeated, with a loss in killed and wounded of about
twenty thousand men, at Fredericksburg, in this state,
by-the Confederate forces under General Lee. There is but
little doubt' that the results of the future battles will be
similar in character to those of the past. The southern
Indian is the fighting Indian; the southern white man is
the. fighting white man, and they can never be subdued by
northern arms. As well might a single individual attempt to
stay the sweep of a prairie fire.
"Some delays have now and then occurred in the
fulfillment of certain of the promises made to you by the
Confederate government. This could not be prevented. They
were the result exclusively of. this great and `terrible
war. Recollect this fact, should similar delays hereafter
ensue. The Confederate government will comply strictly with
all of its engagements to you. Bear this always in mind, and
never suffer yourselves to doubt it.
"In conclusion I will remark, that by a proper use of
the facilities for advancement which the government of the
Confederate states has placed within your reach, and under
its fostering care and protection, inhabiting, as you do, a
country healthful, finely watered, and possessed of every
advantage of soil and climate, it will be easy for you in a
few years to become powerful and prosperous nations. That
you may energetically direct your efforts to the
accomplishment of this great end, and that such efforts in
connection with those of the Government in your behalf, may
be crowned with success, is the earnest wish and full
expectation of the President and people of the Confederate
"S. S. Scott, Commissioner."